A Study of the Pre-Tribulation Rapture & the Tribulation


What is the Rapture of the Church?



The first reason we believe the Rapture takes place before the Tribulation is because it’s called the Blessed Hope in Titus 2:13.

. . . looking for the blessed hope and glorious appearing of our great God and Savior Jesus Christ,

In 1 Thess. 4:18 the Apostle Paul writes this regarding the imminence of the Rapture . . .

Therefore comfort one another with these words.

If the Rapture doesn’t occur until the middle or end of the Tribulation, where’s the comfort in that?

Pretend you’d never heard of the Rapture and I was telling you all about the Last Days. I tell you about the horrors of the Tribulation, all the death and destruction that will take place as foretold in the Book of Revelation; the plagues, pestilence, famine, drought, economic and social upheaval on a scale never seen in history. A third of the earth’s population will be wiped out, then later another fourth! I briefly chronicle the rise of the antichrist and false prophet and finally, the Battle of Armageddon, earth’s worst and bloodiest war. Then I say, “But comfort one another, cause when it’s all over, we’ll be caught up to meet the Lord in the air.”

You’d think I was nuts! There’s no comfort in knowing you’ve got to pass through all of that to get to the Rapture. The onlycomfort you could gain was by hoping the Last Days were a long way off and that the return of Jesus was nowhere near.

But that isn’t close to what Scripture tells us our attitude should be. We ought to hope and looking forward to the Rapture. The comfort of the Blessed Hope (Rapture) comes from knowing it comes before the hour of trial coming upon the whole Earth.


In Revelation 6:15-17 we learn the Tribulation is a time of God’s wrath being poured out on the “earth-dwellers.”[1]

15And the kings of the earth, the great men, £the rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains, 16and said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17For the great day of His wrathhas come, and who is able to stand?”

Yet 1 Thess. 5:9-11 we read,

9For God did not appoint us to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, 10who died for us, that whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with Him. 11Therefore comfort each other and edify one another, just as you also are doing.

Those who’ve been born again are not appointed to God’s wrath yet that is precisely what the Tribulation is – the hour [time-period] of God’s wrath, testing the hearts of the earth-dwellers.

God’s wrath against sin was fully satisfied in the Cross of Jesus Christ. When Jesus declared, “It is finished” He meant the holy demands of God’s justice were completely satisfied. Jesus took our place on the Cross as the object of God’s wrath. Therefore, it would be unjust for God to inflict His wrath on us. Christian won’t be here for the Tribulation because it is the hour of God’s wrath we’ve already been saved from.


In Genesis 18, Lot and his family were delivered from the flaming judgment of God on wicked Sodom. God didn’t protect them in the midst of judgment. He removed them from the time and place of the judgment and took them up into the hills.

In 2 Peter 2:9, Peter speaks of Lot as an example to us and says . . .

. . . the Lord knows how to deliver the godly out of temptations and to reserve the unjust under punishment for the day of judgment,

The word “temptations” is the same word for tribulation.


In Genesis 5 we read about Enoch. His story is interesting because he never died, God simply took him one day. This occurred prior to the Flood, which was God’s judgment on a rebellious world.

Someone might counter by asking, “What about Noah? He too was righteous but he went through the Flood, being protected by God in the ark. Isn’t that a better picture of God protecting the Church during and through the Tribulation?”

Noah isn’t a picture of the Church. He’s a picture of God’s sovereign protection of Israel during the Tribulation, a subject that gets much coverage in the Book of Revelation. Noah pictures Israel, while Enoch represents the Church, which is raptured prior to judgment.


Have you ever wondered where Daniel was when Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego were in the fiery furnace in Daniel 3? They were there for refusing to bow to Nebuchadnezzar’s image. But where was Daniel? Certainly he didn’t bow either; so where was he in the story? He’s missing.

That’s the point! That he’s not even mentioned is a mystery – foreshadowing the mystery of the Rapture of the Church. Like Noah, Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego represent Israel and how God preserves them during the fiery trial of the Tribulation. But Daniel’s absence pictures the Church’s absence from the very hour of the trial.

[By the way, the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar serves as a picture of the antichrist who makes an image and demands the world worship it.]


I’m weary of those who mock the Pre-Tribulation position by saying it’s escapist. They claim that since countless believers have faced tribulation, persecution and martyrdom, why should we hope to escape it?

The answer is simple: Up till the time of the Rapture, the trouble Christians have faced came from this corrupt and rebellious world system that hated them; it was satan’s wrath they endured. Jesus told us to expect THAT kind of trouble. But the trouble of the Tribulation comes from God’s hand – it’s His wrath, and Jesus already paid for that for us.

In Luke 21:34-36 Jesus said –

34“But take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts be weighed down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that Day come on you unexpectedly.

The “Day” He refers to here is the Day of the Lord, a period of history that begins with the Rapture.

35For it will come as a snare on all those who dwell on the face of the whole earth.

There’s that phrase – “earth-dwellers” again.

36Watch therefore, and pray always that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

A Pre-Trib Rapture isn’t escapist. It’s the thing Jesus told us to look and pray we’d be ready for.


In John 14 Jesus spoke some incredibly comforting words –

1“Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me. 2In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. 3And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am,thereyou may be also.

Being 21st Century Gentiles, we miss out on how the original disciples would hear and understand this. Jesus used the terminology of the Jewish wedding ceremony.

Once a man and woman were betrothed, he would return to his father’s house and add on a new room. When the room was nearing completion, he’d send a friend to tell the bride the time for the wedding was approaching. She’d get ready, but rarely knew the precise moment of his arrival. It was part of the suspense and romance of the event that she’d wait without knowing the precise hour of his arrival. But finally the day would come and the groom would go forth to claim his bride.

His friends went with him and made much noise, blowing trumpets and shouting to let everyone know the time for the wedding had finally come. When he arrived, there was a huge feast – the wedding supper, after which the man would take his wife into the new room he’d made, and they would stay sequestered there for, note this, 7 days! After which they emerged and he’d present her to the community as his beloved.

This is how the Rapture will occur. We are now betrothed to Christ and He has gone to prepare our chamber. We do not know the day our hour of His return, but we do know the times and seasons because He’s sent His friends, the prophets to describe them. When the time is ripe, He will come, accompanied by much noise, then He will take us to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb and we’ll be sequestered with Him in heaven for the 7 years of the Tribulation. When He comes again, emerging from Heaven in glory, we come with Him to rule and reign for a 1000 years.


A Pre-Tribulation Rapture follows the outline for the Book of Revelation given to us in 1:19.

Write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will take place after this.

A 3-fold division of Revelation is given here:

1) The things John had seen – The vision of Jesus in ch. 1

2) The things which are – chs. 2 & 3 = Messages to the 7 churches

3) The things which will take place after this –chs. 4-22

The exact words “after this” open chapter 4.

After these things [the events of chs. 2 & 3] I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven. And the first voice which I heard was like a trumpet speaking with me, saying, “Come up here, and I will show you things which must take place after this.”

After speaking to the churches, John was taken up to heaven. It’s from that vantage point that he saw a description of the terrors of the Tribulation.

The word “church,” used 18 times in chs. 1-3, isn’t used even once after that until the very end of Revelation. Chapters 6-19 describe the Tribulation but don’t once mention the “church.” Because the church isn’t on earth; it’s in heaven. Chapters 4-5 describe the church in heaven, worshipping God

If the mid-Tribulation Rapture position is correct, then chapters 4-5 would have to be placed after chapter 11, and if the post-Tribulation view is right, chapters 4-5 would have to come after chapter 19. Only the Pre-Tribulation Rapture makes sense of the flow of the Book of Revelation and follows the outline Jesus gave John in 1:19.


In the Letter to the Church at Thyatira in Revelation 2, Jesus rebuked the church for allowing a gross moral and spiritual polluter to remain among them. In v. 22 Jesus says –

22Indeed I will cast her into a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her into great tribulation, unless they repent of their deeds.

If the Rapture occurred after the Tribulation, this wouldn’t make any sense. This is one more proof that the Rapture occurs before the Tribulation and will sort out the genuine believers from those who are mere professors. Genuine believes will repent, and so be delivered from Great Tribulation.


One of the most powerful proofs for the Pre-Tribulation Rapture is that it’s the only one that can account for the repeated reference to the coming of the Lord being at a time not expected.

Daniel 9 spells out clearly that there will be 1260 days from the time the Antichrist enters the temple in Jerusalem and declares himself god, till the Return of Jesus Christ. Yet Matthew 24:36 makes it clear that no one knows the day of Jesus’s Return. The only way to reconcile this is to see the Rapture and the Second Coming as two different events, separated by 7 years.

The Jews of Jesus’s day missed His first coming because they had misinterpreted the prophecies of His coming.  They did so because one set of prophecies foretold a suffering servant while the other set foretold a conquering King. They’d come to see the suffering servant prophecies as symbolic but interpreted the conquering king ones as literal. So they looked for the Messiah to come in majesty and missed His coming in humility.

We need to learn this lesson, for the Second Coming of Jesus Christ also has two phases, just like the Old Testament prophecies of the Messiah’s coming. Before Jesus comes to Earth in glory as the Conquering King, He will come secretly in the clouds to receive His bride. This coming, as Paul says in 1 Thess. 5, is like a thief in the night, not a King in the mid-day sun.

No one knows when Jesus comes in the Rapture, which is very different from His Second Coming, which will be 1260 days after the Antichrist enters the rebuilt temple in Jerusalem & declares himself god, demanding worship.


In Jeremiah 30:7, the Tribulation is called Jacob’s trouble. It’s called this because it’s a unique time in which God awakens the Jews to embrace Jesus as their Messiah. In Deuteronomy 4, Moses made this remarkable statement –

29From there you will seek the LORD your God, and you will find Him if you seek Him with all your heart and with all your soul. 30When you are in tribulation, and all these things come upon you in the latter days, when you turn to the LORD your God and obey His voice 31(for the LORD your God is a merciful God), He will not forsake you nor destroy you, nor forget the covenant of your fathers which He swore to them.

All God’s promises to Israel will be fulfilled and it’s during the Tribulation that He will move decisively to make Himself known to her. But in order for God to make Israel the focus of His redemptive attention, He will need to switch that focus off the Church. The only way to do that, and not violate His promise to never leave nor forsake us is to take the church out of the earth and transport her to heaven.


This is a rather complex and involved proof, but one of the most powerful.

In Daniel 9, God told the prophet 490 years had been set aside for God to deal with the Jews and Jerusalem in a special and focused way. The first 483 of those years were fulfilled right down to the very day.[2] That leaves one last period of seven years.

If the first 483 years were literally & perfectly fulfilled, we must see the last seven in the same manner.

God said these 490 years were all set aside for His unique focus on Israel. As with the previous Reason (#11), in order for God to turn his attention to the nation of Israel, He must turn His focus away from the Church, and the only way He can do that is if the Church has been Raptured and is with Him in heaven. The church wasn’t here for the first 483 years of Daniel’s prophecy; it’s not going to be here for the last seven either.

As Daniel foretells, that last seven years begin when the Antichrist forges an agreement with many nations that appears to have something to do with the City of Jerusalem and the Jewish temple. In light of all that’s taking place in the Middle East today, and how the nations of the world are lining up trying to figure out what to do to bring peace, this all becomes interesting to students of the Bible.


The apostles and the early Church all believed in a Pre-Tribulation Rapture. We know that because they believed Jesus could come at any moment, yet they knew they weren’t in the Tribulation.

We find the expectation of Jesus’ coming all over the letters of Peter, Paul, and John. The writings of the earliest of the church fathers carry a  strong expectation of the Lord’s coming for the Church. This simply isn’t what we would find if they believed in a mid- or post-tribulation rapture.

They took Jesus’ words literally and seriously when He said, “Watch and be ready, for in such an hour as you think not, the Son of Man comes.” [3]

Finally, Revelation 3:10

In Revelation 3:10-11, Jesus promised the Church at Philadelphia –

10 Because you have kept My command to persevere, I also will keep you from the hour of trial which shall come upon the whole world, to test those who dwell on the earth. 11 Behold, I am coming quickly! Hold fast what you have, that no one may take your crown.

Because believers at this persecuted and struggling church kept His command to remain faithful, Jesus promised to keep them from the hour of trial that’s coming upon the whole world.

Many Bible scholars and students have noticed an eerie parallel between the seven churches of Revelation 2 and 3 and Church History. Knowing that the number 7 represents completeness, the thought is, “Do these seven churches, in the order in which they are given, represent the entire church age, represented by seven eras or ages?” It’s difficult not seeing a least a shadowy similarity between the sequence and church history.

The Letter to the church at the Greek city of Philadelphia is the sixth and next to last letter. And the last letter, written to the church at Laodicea suggests while they call themselves a church, Jesus doesn’t. He’s no among them; He’s outside, knocking on the door by way of letting those inside know He’s left.

So Philadelphia is the last real church; the faithful church that sees the departure from the true faith by the affluent mainline denominations. It’s to the faithful of the last real church that Jesus says, “I will keep you from the hour of trial.”

From” is the Greek word “ek/ex” and means “out of.” We get the word “exit” from it. Jesus is not saying He will keep them through the hour of trial, but that He will take them out of it.

Then notice Jesus doesn’t promise to keep them out of the trial. It’s out of the hour or time period of the trial. They won’t even be around.

Consider the scope of this coming trial: It comes upon the whole world. There isn’t a corner of Earth that won’t be affected by this trial; it’s global in scope.

Consider its purpose: It comes to test those who dwell on the earth. That phrase, “those who dwell on the earth” is used 9 times in 7 verses in Revelation. It refers to unbelievers who live on Earth during the horrific events of chs. 6-19, a period of time called the Tribulation. The word “test” means to prove something by subjecting it to stresses that’ll reveal its true nature.

That’s what the Underwriter’s Laboratories do to products they test. They subject them to all kinds of challenging stresses to see what becomes of them. They drop, sink, burn, electrocute, freeze and boil them. They subject every product to whatever kind of trauma they may encounter in the real world. If it still works after all the tests, the product gets the coveted UL stamp of approval. The point of every test is to reveal the true nature of what’s being tested. The purpose of the Tribulation is to prove what’s really in the heart of sinful man. God pours out His wrath on Earth and the result is that the earth dwellers, instead of repenting, become even more bold and brazen in their rebellion. The Tribulation proves that what keeps people from coming to faith in God is not a lack of evidence but a willful heart of unbelief.

Jesus spoke this word to the Church at Philadelphia in ancient Asia Minor. What He says here at special application to them in that day. But it also carries significance to us today. Each of the seven letters of chs. 2 & 3 end with the exhortation –

Let Him who has an ear, hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

The promise Jesus made to the historic church of Philadelphia continues on and finds an even more significant fulfillment for the church in the last days.

This promise is for the faithful followers of Jesus today. God will take us out of the Earth before He pours out His wrath in the Tribulation.

[1]Earth-dwellers is translated as “those who dwell on the earth” at several points in Revelation. It refers to the last generation of people who reject Christ and follow anti-christ. They are lost souls given over to deception and mankind’s last great hurrah of rebellion against the Creator.

[2] That “Day” was Palm Sunday when Jesus rode into Jerusalem to the acclaim of the people.

[3] Matthew 24:4225:13

Discussions on the Rapture

The time remaining is short. The Lord Jesus can return at any time.  The time for action is now.

The Tribulation

What is the Tribulation (70th Week of Daniel)?

   The Tribulation is a future time period when the Lord will accomplish at least two aspects of His plan: 1) He will complete His discipline of the nation Israel (Daniel 9:24), and 2) He will judge the unbelieving, godless inhabitants of the earth (Revelation 6 - 18). The length of the Tribulation is seven years. This is determined by an understanding of the seventy weeks of Daniel (Daniel 9:24-27; also see the article on the Tribulation). The Great Tribulation is the last half of the Tribulation period, three and one-half years in length. It is distinguished from the Tribulation period because the Beast, or Antichrist, will be revealed, and the wrath of God will greatly intensify during this time. Thus, it is important at this point to emphasize that the Tribulation and the Great Tribulation are not synonymous terms. Within eschatology (the study of future things), the Tribulation refers to the full seven-year period while the “Great Tribulation” refers to the second half of the Tribulation.

It is Christ Himself who used the phrase "Great Tribulation" with reference to the last half of the Tribulation. In Matthew 24:21, Jesus says, "For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall." In this verse Jesus is referring to the event of Matthew 24:15, which describes the revealing of the abomination of desolation, the man also known as the Antichrist. Also, Jesus in Matthew 24:29-30 states, “Immediately after the tribulation of those days . . . the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory." In this passage, Jesus defines the Great Tribulation (v.21) as beginning with the revealing of the abomination of desolation (v.15) and ending with Christ's second coming (v.30).

Other passages that refer to the Great Tribulation are Daniel 12:1b, which says, "And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time." It seems that Jesus was quoting this verse when He spoke the words recorded in Matthew 24:21. Also referring to the Great Tribulation is Jeremiah 30:7, "Alas! for that day is great, There is none like it; And it is the time of Jacob’s distress, But he will be saved from it." The phrase “Jacob’s distress” refers to the nation of Israel, which will experience persecution and natural disasters such as have never before been seen.

Considering the information Christ gave us in Matthew 24:15-30, it is easy to conclude that the beginning of the Great Tribulation has much to do with the abomination of desolation, an action of the Antichrist. In Daniel 9:26-27, we find that this man will make a "covenant" (a peace pact) with the world for seven years (one “week”; again, see the article on the Tribulation). Halfway through the seven-year period—"in the middle of the week"—we are told this man will break the covenant he made, stopping sacrifice and grain offering, which specifically refers to his actions in the rebuilt temple of the future. Revelation 13:1-10 gives even more detail concerning the Beast's actions, and just as important, it also verifies the length of time he will be in power. Revelation 13:5 says he will be in power for 42 months, which is three and one-half years, the length of the Great Tribulation.

Revelation offers us the most information about the Great Tribulation. From Revelation 13 when the Beast is revealed until Christ returns in Revelation 19, we are given a picture of God's wrath on the earth because of unbelief and rebellion (Revelation 16-18). It is also a picture of how God disciplines and at the same time protects His people Israel (Revelation 14:1-5) until He keeps His promise to Israel by establishing an earthly kingdom (Revelation 20:4-6).

Discussions on the Tribulation

The time remaining is short. The Lord Jesus can return at any time. The time for action is now.

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